The first essential algorithmic language was FORTRAN (formula translation), designed in 1957 by an IBM staff led by John Backus. It was intended for scientific computations with real numbers and collections of them organized as one- or multidimensional arrays. Its management buildings included conditional IF statements, repetitive loops (so-referred to as DO loops), and a GOTO assertion that allowed nonsequential execution of program code.
Low-level languages provide abstraction from the hardware and are represented in the binary type i.e. 0 or 1 which are the machine directions. Low-stage languages are additional classified as machine-stage language & assembly stage language. Lying above high-degree languages are languages called fourth-generation languages (usually abbreviated 4GL). 4GLs are far removed from machine languages and represent the class of pc languages closest to human languages.
The high-degree languages are transportable i.e. they are machine-impartial. The high-degree language is simple to study & maintain.
Indeed, some languages … Read More